Check out work by Dr. Lustig who is a pediatric endocrinologist
Book is called “Fat Chance”
Another example of “A calorie is not a calorie”!! Calories affect your body differently
Glucose vs Fructose
Every cell burns glucose. You either get glucose from diet or you make it yourself from
Gluconeogenesis (liver makes glucose). You can eat NO glucose but still have glucose in your body
We can only metabolize a smaller amount of fructose and we store it primarily. Excess
basically leads to aging of cells
In soda, candy, cakes and goodies but also in most breads
Basically all processed food
Does not decrease your hunger hormone (ghrelin) like glucose
Means you can eat and eat and eat
You literally can’t eat as much food with no fructose in
Causes NAFLD (non alcoholic fatty liver disease)
We are seeing this in kids younger and younger
More common than alcohol disease
Fructose lights up the “reward center” of brain (dopamine)
Same effect as cocaine, nicotine, etc.
ALT and AST is what we measure.
ALT of 40 is considered normal
The average (normal level) has increased over the past decade
These are basically markers for sugar intake
Basically everyone has fatty liver.
E.g latinX population has genetic population where they store more sugar and don’t process it well. Even more important to cut sugar down
Pete’s ALT was 32. Is now normal but would have been abnormal, AST 24
Causes whole body inflammation.
Lustig is a pediatrician so he works with hundreds of families
Epigenetic changes in kids with this consumption (probably – found in animal studies)
We know maternal hyperglycemia changes genetics of baby later on
Causes metabolic issues later in life
How many times does it take to get a baby to eat a savory food?
Need to introduce a new, savory food (Think roasted veggies) 13 times to get child to accept
What about sugar?
Because it is like cocaine there is a huge issue with down regulate dopamine receptor
Hard to experience joy from other things
Because of the down-regulator receptors in brain
Takes more and more sugar
But also more and more of other things
Could this be linked to depression??!!!!!
The problem is that this addiction is socially accepted.
One benefit of fructose (only in athletes)
If your liver if depleted of glycogen, you can replete faster with fructose but fructose (like in energy gels DO NOT replete muscle glycogen)
Is technically fructose BUT it comes with fiber.
THE PROBLEM IS PROCESSED FOOD
Its sugar without fiber
If it has a label its not real food